Key Factors To Consider When Choosing A Health Plan During Open Enrollment

Choosing a health plan during open enrollment can feel overwhelming, but understanding the key factors involved can help you make a decision that best suits your needs. From considering your budget and preferred network of healthcare providers to assessing the coverage options and additional benefits offered, there are several important factors to keep in mind. By taking the time to evaluate these factors, you can feel confident that you’re selecting a health plan that provides the coverage and support you need for the upcoming year.

Key Factors To Consider When Choosing A Health Plan During Open Enrollment

Provider Network

In-network providers

When choosing a health plan, it is important to consider the network of healthcare providers available to you. In-network providers are those who have agreed to provide services at negotiated rates with your insurance company. These providers have a contract with your insurance company and will typically offer you lower out-of-pocket costs. This means that when you visit an in-network provider, you can expect your insurance to cover a significant portion of the costs. It is important to review the list of in-network providers to ensure that your preferred healthcare professionals are included.

Out-of-network providers

Out-of-network providers, on the other hand, are those who do not have a contract with your insurance company. If you choose to visit an out-of-network provider, your insurance may cover a smaller portion of the costs, or you may have to pay the full amount out of pocket. It is important to understand the difference in cost-sharing between in-network and out-of-network providers when selecting a health plan. While some health plans do offer out-of-network coverage, it is typically at a higher cost.


Specialists refer to healthcare professionals who have extensive training and expertise in a specific area of medicine. Examples of specialists include cardiologists, dermatologists, and orthopedic surgeons. When considering a health plan, it is important to find out if your preferred specialists are included in the network. Some health plans may require a referral from your primary care physician in order to see a specialist, while others may allow you to self-refer. Understanding the process for accessing specialist care is crucial when choosing a health plan.

Hospitals and facilities

The hospitals and facilities that are covered by your health plan are also an important consideration. In the event that you require hospitalization or specialized care, it is essential to know which hospitals and facilities are included in your network. This will ensure that you have access to the services you need without incurring significant out-of-pocket costs. It is advisable to review the list of covered hospitals and facilities to see if they align with your preferred choices or are conveniently located for you.


Medical services

The coverage of medical services provided by your health plan is a key factor to consider. This includes services such as doctor’s visits, diagnostic tests, surgeries, and hospital stays. Different health plans may have varying levels of coverage for these services, so it is essential to review the details. Consider the specific medical services that you utilize regularly or anticipate needing in the future, and ensure that they are adequately covered by the health plans you are considering.

Prescription drugs

Prescription drugs are an important aspect of healthcare for many individuals. When selecting a health plan, it is crucial to evaluate the coverage for prescription drugs. This includes not only the cost-sharing structure (such as co-payments or coinsurance), but also the formulary. A formulary is a list of medications that are covered by your health plan. It is important to review the formulary to ensure that the prescription drugs you rely on are included and, if possible, at a preferred pricing tier.

Mental health services

Mental health services are an integral part of comprehensive healthcare. It is important to assess the coverage for mental health services when choosing a health plan. This includes access to mental health professionals such as therapists and psychiatrists. Consider the level of coverage for outpatient therapy visits, inpatient mental health treatment, and prescription medications for mental health conditions. Choosing a health plan that provides comprehensive coverage for mental health services ensures that you have access to the care you need.

Wellness programs

Wellness programs are a valuable feature of health plans that encourage and support healthy lifestyle choices. These programs may include fitness incentives, smoking cessation programs, or discounts on health-related products and services. When evaluating health plans, it is worth considering the wellness programs available. These programs can provide additional resources and support to help you maintain good health and prevent future healthcare needs.

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Premiums are the regular payments you make to your insurance company to maintain your health insurance coverage. When comparing health plans, it is important to consider the premium amount as it directly affects your monthly budget. Lower premium plans may have higher out-of-pocket costs, while higher premium plans may have more comprehensive coverage with lower cost-sharing. Assess your personal budget and healthcare needs to find a balance between a manageable premium and the coverage you require.


A deductible is the amount you must pay out of pocket before your insurance coverage begins to pay for certain services. Higher deductible plans typically have lower premiums, but require you to pay more before your insurance kicks in. Lower deductible plans may have higher premiums but provide coverage sooner. Assess your financial situation and consider how often you anticipate needing healthcare services to decide which deductible amount aligns with your preferences and budget.


Copayments, or copays, refer to fixed amounts you pay at the time of service for certain covered services. For example, you may have a copayment of $20 for a primary care visit or $50 for a specialist visit. When comparing health plans, consider the copayment amounts for services that you commonly utilize. Assess the frequency of these services and determine if the copay amounts are reasonable and manageable for your budget.


Coinsurance is the percentage of costs you are responsible for after you have met your deductible. For example, if you have a 20% coinsurance rate, you would be responsible for paying 20% of the costs for covered services, while your insurance company would cover the remaining 80%. It is essential to understand the coinsurance structure of the health plans you are considering and assess if the percentage aligns with your financial abilities and expectations.

Coverage Limits

Annual out-of-pocket maximum

The annual out-of-pocket maximum is the highest amount you would have to pay for covered healthcare services during a calendar year. Once you reach this maximum, your insurance company will typically cover 100% of the costs for covered services. Knowing the annual out-of-pocket maximum is important for budgeting purposes and to understand the level of protection a health plan provides. Consider your potential healthcare needs and select a health plan with an out-of-pocket maximum that aligns with your financial comfort.

Lifetime limits

Lifetime limits refer to the maximum dollar amount that a health insurance plan will pay for covered services over the course of your lifetime. However, it is important to note that under the Affordable Care Act, lifetime limits are generally not permitted for essential health benefits. Understanding if a health plan has any lifetime limits is crucial to ensure that your coverage remains in effect for as long as you need it.

Pre-existing condition coverage

Pre-existing condition coverage refers to the protection provided by a health plan for medical conditions that you had before obtaining the insurance. The Affordable Care Act prohibits health plans from denying coverage or charging higher premiums based on pre-existing conditions, ensuring that individuals with prior health issues can still obtain comprehensive coverage. When choosing a health plan, it is important to confirm that pre-existing conditions are covered and that any waiting periods or limitations are reasonable.

Key Factors To Consider When Choosing A Health Plan During Open Enrollment

Healthcare Services

Preventive care

Preventive care refers to services and screenings aimed at detecting and preventing potential health problems before they become serious. Examples of preventive services include immunizations, annual check-ups, and screenings for conditions such as high blood pressure or cancer. When reviewing health plans, it is important to consider the coverage for preventive care. Many health plans are now required to cover preventive services without cost-sharing, ensuring that individuals can access these essential health services at no additional cost.

Emergency care

Emergency care coverage is an essential component of any health plan. Emergencies can happen at any time and having access to emergency medical services could be a matter of life and death. It is important to understand the coverage for emergency care in the health plans you are considering. Look for details such as whether there is a separate emergency room copayment, if pre-authorization is required, and if out-of-network emergency care is covered.


Hospitalization may be necessary for various medical conditions and can result in significant healthcare costs. When comparing health plans, it is crucial to consider the coverage for hospitalization. Assess details such as the level of coverage for inpatient stays, surgical procedures, and any limitations or requirements for pre-authorization. Understanding the hospitalization coverage provided by a health plan ensures that you are adequately protected in case of serious health issues.

Specialized care

Specialized care refers to medical services or treatments that are provided by healthcare professionals with advanced training or expertise in specific areas. This may include services such as chemotherapy, organ transplants, or specialized surgeries. When choosing a health plan, it is important to consider the coverage for specialized care. Review the network of specialists available under each plan and assess the level of coverage provided for these services. Ensuring that specialized care is covered is crucial for individuals with specific healthcare needs.

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Prescription Drugs


The formulary of a health plan is a list of prescription drugs that are covered by the insurance company. Each health plan has its own formulary, and different medications may be classified into different tiers within the formulary. When evaluating health plans, it is important to review the formulary to determine if the prescription drugs you regularly use are included. Additionally, check if there are any restrictions, such as prior authorization requirements, for certain medications.

Tiered pricing

Many health plans organize prescription drugs into tiers, each with its own cost-sharing structure. Generally, generic drugs will have the lowest copayment or coinsurance, while brand-name or specialty medications may have higher cost-sharing. When comparing health plans, consider the tiered pricing structure and assess how it aligns with your prescription drug needs. If you rely on expensive medications, it may be beneficial to choose a health plan with lower cost-sharing for higher-tier drugs.

Mail-order options

Some health plans offer the convenience of mail-order pharmacy services. This allows you to order prescription medications through the mail, typically in a three-month supply, at a lower cost-sharing amount. If you regularly take maintenance medications or prefer the convenience of having medications delivered to your home, consider the availability of mail-order options when comparing health plans.

Generic alternatives

When evaluating prescription drug coverage, it is important to consider the availability of generic alternatives. Generic medications are equivalent to brand-name drugs in terms of safety and efficacy but are typically available at a lower cost. Many health plans encourage the use of generic drugs by offering lower cost-sharing amounts or even waiving cost-sharing for certain generic medications. Take into account the availability and cost-sharing for generic alternatives when selecting a health plan to ensure affordable access to necessary medications.

Key Factors To Consider When Choosing A Health Plan During Open Enrollment



Health Maintenance Organization (HMO) and Preferred Provider Organization (PPO) are two common types of health plans. HMOs typically require you to select a primary care physician (PCP) who will coordinate your healthcare and refer you to specialists as needed. PPOs, on the other hand, allow you to visit any healthcare provider without needing a referral. When considering flexibility in choosing healthcare providers, it is important to understand the difference between HMOs and PPOs and assess which type of plan aligns with your preferences.

Out-of-network coverage

While in-network providers offer lower out-of-pocket costs, there may be situations where you need to see an out-of-network provider. Some health plans provide coverage for out-of-network services, but it may come with higher cost-sharing or limitations. When evaluating health plans, consider the out-of-network coverage options. Assess details such as the percentage of costs covered, any limitations or waiting periods, and if you are required to pay upfront and seek reimbursement.

Referral requirement

Certain health plans, particularly HMOs, may require a referral from your primary care physician (PCP) before you can see a specialist. This referral requirement can add an extra step to accessing specialized care. If you prefer the freedom to see a specialist without needing a referral, consider choosing a health plan that does not have this requirement. Assessing the referral process is important, especially if you anticipate needing specialized care on a regular basis.

Secondary coverage

In some situations, individuals may have access to more than one health insurance plan. This could be through a spouse’s employer, a government program, or a combination of sources. When multiple health plans are available, it is important to understand how they interact. Some health plans may have coordination of benefits provisions, where one plan becomes the primary payer while the other becomes the secondary payer. Understanding the interaction between multiple health plans ensures that you maximize your coverage and minimize your out-of-pocket costs.

Health Savings Account (HSA)


A Health Savings Account (HSA) is a tax-advantaged savings account that can be used to pay for qualified medical expenses. To contribute to an HSA, you must be enrolled in a high-deductible health plan (HDHP). Contributions to an HSA can be made by both you and your employer. The maximum annual contribution limits are set by the IRS and may change each year. When considering an HSA, assess the contribution options and determine if the maximum contribution amounts align with your financial capabilities and healthcare needs.

Tax advantages

One of the main benefits of an HSA is the tax advantages it provides. Contributions to an HSA are made with pre-tax dollars, meaning they are not subject to federal income tax. Additionally, funds in the HSA can grow tax-free and can be withdrawn tax-free when used for qualified medical expenses. These tax advantages can provide significant savings over time. Consider the tax benefits of an HSA when evaluating health plans and assess if this additional savings opportunity aligns with your financial goals.

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Qualified expenses

HSAs can only be used to pay for qualified medical expenses. These include a wide range of healthcare services and products, from doctor’s visits and prescription medications to medical equipment and dental expenses. When considering an HSA, it is important to review the list of qualified medical expenses to ensure that your healthcare needs are covered. Most health plans provide detailed information about what expenses are considered qualified and eligible for payment from your HSA.


Unlike some other healthcare savings accounts, HSAs are portable. This means that the funds in your HSA are not lost if you change jobs or health plans. Any funds remaining in your HSA at the end of the year roll over to the next year, and the account remains yours even if you change employers or health insurance providers. The portability of an HSA provides flexibility and long-term value, as you can continue to use the funds for qualified medical expenses throughout your lifetime.

Key Factors To Consider When Choosing A Health Plan During Open Enrollment

Additional Benefits

Dental and vision coverage

While traditional health insurance focuses primarily on medical services, many health plans now offer additional benefits such as dental and vision coverage. Dental coverage may include preventive services like cleanings and exams, as well as coverage for more extensive procedures such as fillings or root canals. Vision coverage may include annual eye exams, prescription eyewear, or discounts on laser eye surgery. When comparing health plans, consider the availability and level of coverage for dental and vision services if these benefits are important to you.

Alternative therapies

Alternative therapies refer to non-traditional healthcare practices that aim to promote health and wellbeing. These may include therapies such as acupuncture, chiropractic care, or naturopathy. Some health plans offer coverage for alternative therapies, either as part of their standard benefits or as optional add-ons. If you regularly utilize alternative therapies or are interested in exploring these options, consider selecting a health plan that provides adequate coverage for alternative therapies.

Maternity and newborn care

If you are planning to start or expand your family, it is important to consider the coverage for maternity and newborn care when choosing a health plan. Maternity and newborn care typically include services such as prenatal visits, labor and delivery, and postpartum care. It is important to review the coverage for these services, including any limitations or waiting periods. Choosing a health plan with comprehensive coverage for maternity and newborn care ensures that you and your baby receive the necessary healthcare without incurring excessive costs.

Telemedicine options

Telemedicine, also known as telehealth, refers to the delivery of healthcare services remotely using telecommunications technology. This can include virtual doctor visits, remote monitoring of health conditions, or access to health information and resources through online platforms. Many health plans now offer telemedicine options, allowing you to access healthcare services conveniently from the comfort of your home. Assess the availability and coverage of telemedicine services when comparing health plans, as this can be a valuable benefit, especially for non-emergency healthcare needs.

Reviews and Ratings

Consumer reviews

Consumer reviews provide valuable insights about the experiences and satisfaction levels of individuals who have used a particular health plan. Reading consumer reviews can help you gain a better understanding of the customer service, claims processes, and overall quality of care provided by various health plans. Look for reviews from individuals with similar healthcare needs or preferences to see if their experiences align with what you are seeking in a health plan.

Insurance company ratings

Insurance company ratings are assessments of the financial stability and performance of insurance companies. Independent organizations such as A.M. Best, Standard & Poor’s, and Moody’s provide ratings that reflect the financial strength and stability of insurance companies. These ratings can give you an idea of the reliability and capability of an insurance company to meet its financial obligations and provide quality service to its members. Consider the ratings of insurance companies when evaluating health plans to ensure that you are selecting a reputable and financially stable provider.

Provider and hospital ratings

Provider and hospital ratings are evaluations of the quality and performance of healthcare providers and hospitals. Organizations such as the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) and the Joint Commission provide ratings based on factors such as patient outcomes, patient satisfaction, and adherence to quality and safety standards. Reviewing provider and hospital ratings can help you assess the quality of care provided within the network of a health plan, ensuring that you have access to high-quality healthcare services.

Customer satisfaction

Customer satisfaction surveys provide insights into the experiences and satisfaction levels of individuals who have used a particular health plan. These surveys typically assess factors such as ease of accessing care, customer service, and overall satisfaction with the health plan. Evaluating customer satisfaction scores can help you gauge the overall level of satisfaction among members and determine if a particular health plan aligns with your expectations and needs.

Choosing a health plan during open enrollment is an important decision that will impact your healthcare and financial well-being. By considering the various factors outlined in this comprehensive article, you can make an informed choice that provides you with the coverage, flexibility, and benefits that meet your needs and preferences. Remember to carefully review the details of each health plan, assess your own healthcare requirements, and consult with an insurance professional if needed. With thorough evaluation and consideration, you can select a health plan that provides you with peace of mind and comprehensive coverage.

Key Factors To Consider When Choosing A Health Plan During Open Enrollment